If you’re after a detailed explanation, we recommend watching one or two explanatory videos on YouTube. This one, for example, explains more about PV solar panels and how they work.
A Brief Overview:
How does a home solar power system work?
Here’s a quick look at how a solar system and its components can convert the sun’s energy into electricity for your home or business:
Solar panels receive sunlight (photons) as the sun shines onto them. The components of the solar panel (silicone and metal conductors) uses the ‘photovoltaic effect’ to convert photons into electricity. This generated electricity is in direct current (DR) form. The system’s inverter then converts this DC electricity into alternating current (AC), making it suitable for household use and appliances.
For even more, have a look at solar power advantages and disadvantages here.